Sexism is discrimination or prejudice directed toward an individual based on his or her gender or sex.
Women and girls tend to be recognized as the primary victims of sexism across cultures. For example, worldwide, women earn less, have less representation in politics, lower participation in the labor force, and receive less education than their male counterparts (United Nations Development Programme 2015). However, men and boys are also affected by sexism. For instance, men are more likely to be the victims of corporal punishment, capital punishment, aggression, violence, have higher mortality rates, and are less likely to gain child custody (see Benatar 2012).
Contemporary social movements such as feminismseek to eliminate inequality between the sexes in employment, education, politics, social roles, and reduce the occurrence of sexual coercion and violence that disproportionately...
KeywordsIntimate Partner Sexual Violence Romantic Partner Corporal Punishment Sexual Victimization
- Buss, D., & Malamuth, M. (1996). Sex, power, conflict: Evolutionary and feminist perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Clinton Foundation. (2015). The full participation report. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from http://noceilings.org/report/report.pdf
- Pinker, S. (2011). The better angels of our nature: Why violence has declined. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar
- Trivers, R. (1972). Parental investment and sexual selection. In B. Campbell (Ed.), Sexual selection and the descent of man, 1871–1971 (pp. 136–179). Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
- United Nations Development Programme. (2015). Human development report. Retrieved April 30, 2016, from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report.pdf
- World Health Organization. (2016). Female genital mutilation. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs241/en/