Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Prostitution and Legal Regulation of Sex

  • Leonardo C. Holanda
  • Mariana G. Farias
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3789-1

Synonyms

Definition

The act or practice of engaging in sexual activity for economic or resources profit.

Introduction

Prostitution occurs in several countries, such as US, Japan, Poland, Germany, Ethiopia, among many others (Buss 2003). McGuire and Gruter (2003), from the analysis of the number of sex workers in the USA and in some countries of Asian, estimate an increase in prostitution around the world, mainly child prostitution. Although there are other types of prostitution such as child, transgendered and male prostitutes, in general, it is a service exercised by women (Salmon 2008).

It is commonly known that prostitution involves payment for sex. However, others services may be offered, according to customer demand. Indeed, McGuire and Gruter (2003) affirm that over 50% of call girls attendances do not include sexual intercourse. Although prostitution includes a range of different services, such as escort and indoor attendance, the most known form of...

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References

  1. Buss, D. M. (2003). The evolution of desire: Strategies of human mating. New York: Basic books.Google Scholar
  2. Cunningham, S., & Shah, M. (2014). Decriminalizing indoor prostitution: Implications for sexual violence and public health (No. w20281). National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  3. Lutnick, A., & Cohan, D. (2009). Criminalization, legalization or decriminalization of sex work: What female sex workers say in San Francisco, USA. Reproductive Health Matters, 17(34), 38–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. McGuire, M., & Gruter, M. (2003). Prostitution: An evolutionary perspective. In A. Somit & S. Peterson (Eds.), Human nature and public policy: An evolutionary approach (pp. 29–40). New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Quast, T., & Gonzalez, F. (2016). Sex work regulation and sexually transmitted infections in Tijuana, Mexico. Health Economics, 26(5), 656–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Salmon, C. A. (2008). The world’s oldest profession: Evolutionary insights into prostitution. In J. Duntley & T. K. Shackelford (Eds.), Evolutionary Forensic Psychology (pp. 121–135). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Schmitt, D. P., Shackelford, T. K., & Buss, D. M. (2001). Are men really more ‘oriented’ toward short-term mating than women? A critical review of theory and research. Psychology, Evolution & Gender, 3(3), 211–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of CearáFortalezaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Guilherme S. Lopes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA