Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Sexual Access and Friendship

  • Paul A. MongeauEmail author
  • James Stein
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3765-1



Sexual interaction with a person considered a friend, but not a romantic partner.


Sexual access can come from a variety of sources as sexual interaction can involve short-term (i.e., no desire for an ongoing relationship) or long-term mating (i.e., sex representative of closeness and loving) goals or all points in between (Buss 1995). Although they can range from strangers to spouses, sexual partners are typically known and liked others (Perlman and Sprecher 2012). As a consequence, cross-sex friends (CSFs) seem like a natural choice to fulfill this role (among heterosexuals at least). Friends typically know each other well, have developed a close relationship, and, put simply, like one another. Friendships are characterized by warmth, closeness, and intimacy (both psychological and communicative). If friends are intimate communicatively (e.g., self-disclosing personal information on a variety of...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hugh Downs School of Human CommunicationArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin Beaver
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA