Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Sex Differences in Sexual Socialization

  • Maria ChowanskyEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3645-1



How the social environment influences males’ and females’ expression of sexuality and gender identity.


Sexual socialization is a process by which an individual develops his or her own identity by acquiring the skills, knowledge, and values of the gender they prefer (Schneewind 2001). In most societies, women are viewed as communal, warm, gentle, kind, and passive, whereas men are viewed as tough, aggressive, and assertive (Huddy and Terkildsen 1993). This entry will explain in further detail the differences between the socialization of gender roles and how they affect males and females differently throughout the lifespan.

Parental Influence

Parenting is one source of sexual socialization. There are a number of studies that have highlighted sex differences in communication between parents and their children. For example, conversations between fathers and adolescent...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Univeristy of South Carolina – BeaufortBlufftonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Carey Fitzgerald
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina - BeaufortBlufftonUSA