Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Sex Differences in Cognitive Development

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3636-1


Intellectual differences between boys and girls, gender characteristics of cognition during childhood


The differences between boy and girls in cognitive development


A diversity of studies in psychology and neuropsychology has approached the question of gender differences in cognitive abilities (e.g., Bjorklund and Causey 2017). Three major gender differences in cognitive abilities have been reported: (1) higher verbal abilities in women, (2) higher spatial abilities in men, and (3) higher arithmetical abilities in men. However, these three differences may be collapsed in only two as differences in calculation abilities may be the result of men’s superior spatial abilities (Geary 1996).

Women usually score higher in a variety of verbal tests (e.g., Burton et al. 2005). They also present a faster language development (Berglund et al. 2005) and have a larger vocabulary, more accurate speech production, and greater fluency (Mildner 2008).

Gender Differences...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Florida Atlantic UniversityDavieUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Carey Fitzgerald
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina - BeaufortBlufftonUSA