Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Non-Western Homosexuality

  • Konstantin O. TskhayEmail author
  • Nicholas O. Rule
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3375-1



Same-sex attraction outside of Western Europe and societies principally characterized by its colonial legacies (e.g., North America).


Sexual orientation and homosexuality have been most prominently discussed in Western political and cultural spheres since the late nineteenth century. General understanding of same-sex attraction is thus limited by an absence of perspectives from societies with other cultural traditions and origins. For example, Western scholars and laypeople commonly describe same-sex attraction and sexual behavior using terms like “homosexual,” “gay,” “lesbian,” and “bisexual,” these labels and concepts may not even exist among people living in the cultures to which they are applied (e.g., Nanda 2014). This entry reviews how same-sex attraction might manifest in cultures not informed by Western cultural, social, and linguistic traditions.

The Multitude of Same-Sex Attractions

Western conceptions of...


Sexual Behavior Sexual Orientation Sexual Relation Lesbian Woman Feminine Role 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TorontoTorontoCanada