Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford


  • Mariana C. Biermann
  • Mariana G. Farias
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2775-1



The usual food and drink consumed by an organism or a group


Human diet is important for human survival, due to the need of food and water to stay alive by getting the necessary amount of calories and nutrients to maintain the organism’s functions. Thus, the capacity to discriminate what can be ingested from what need to be avoided was beneficial over evolutionary time; those who fail to discriminate what is edible can get poisoned, for example, or be killed trying to capture the food intended (Tooby and DeVore 1987). Modern humans have very little obstacles to acquire food with adequate nutrients and food free of toxins. Over human evolutionary history, that wasn’t so easy. Our ancestors devoted energy and time into food acquisition, recognizing whether a food was harmless, and then capturing, collecting, consuming, and digesting it (Buss 2015).

Food selection, sharing, and consumption in humans are major social activities...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal University of CearáFortalezaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Guilherme S. Lopes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA