A phenomenon whereby organisms avoid detection or recognition by resembling the general background or specific objects therein.
Camouflage is a phenomenon, which hides or prevents something from being noticed. As an umbrella term, it covers all strategies involved in concealment including prevention of detection and recognition (Stevens and Merilaita 2009). Camouflage exists across many biological taxa and provides among the most remarkable examples of adaptation. For example, cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) can adjust their appearance in terms of color and patterning to match their respective visual habitat, but also change their shape to increase resemblance to natural objects such as coral, stones, or seaweed (Hanlon et al. 2009). Likewise grouse, ground-dwelling birds, avoid being seen by potential predators by closely resembling the background on which they nest (Thayer 1896). Despite being an ubiquitous anti-predator strategy...
KeywordsNest Survival Background Match Protective Coloration Pepper Moth Dark Morph
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