Living Reference Work Entry

Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

pp 1-3

Date: Latest Version

Men’s Egoistic Dominant Acts

Synonyms

Male strategies; Social hierarchy; Social status

Definition

Males display a sex-specific pattern of expressions of dominance, which is a universal feature of human psychology.

Introduction

Dominance is the use of aggression, threats, fear, and intimidation to maintain or achieve positions of social influence (Henrich and Gil-White 2001), and evidence suggests there are important sex differences in the expression of dominance (Buss 1981). Among social animals, dominance is a common mechanism by which multiple individuals produce a linear hierarchy of social rank. When dominance-based strategies are successful, stronger, larger individuals are more likely to attain a disproportionate level of power and influence within the social group (Lukaszewski et al. 2016). Among humans, cultural and ecological context plays an important role in the viability of dominance-based strategies, and among mobile egalitarian foragers, untethered subsistence coupled with an ethos of equality allows the ...

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