Dominant Acts Expressed (Buss 1981)
Psychological research suggests men and women employ sex-specific strategies for expressing dominance, and dominant acts are perceived differently based on the sex of the actor. The nature of sex differences in dominance-based behavior, variation in personality and dominance, and ethnographic accounts of dominance in leadership positions are discussed.
The role of dominance in the formation of hierarchy is an ancestral feature of social organization humans share with nonhuman primates as well as social animals generally. As a strategy for achieving influence, dominance is likely a cross-cultural universal, yet there are stark sex differences and cultural variation in the universal expression of dominance.
Dominance consists of gaining authority through the use of coercion, fear, aggression, or agonistic threats by social superiors to subordinates (Cheng et al. 2010; Henrich and Gil-White 2001). Patterns of...
KeywordsSocial Influence Relational Aggression Dominant Behavior Dominance Behavior Egalitarian Society
- Austen, L. (1940). Botabalu: A Trobriand chieftainess. Mankind, 2, 270–273.Google Scholar
- Bakan, D. (1966). The duality of human existence: Isolation and communion in western man. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
- Boehm, C. (1999). Hierarchy in the forest: The evolution of egalitarian behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Brown, J. K., & Kerns, V. (1985). In her prime: A new view of middle-aged women. South Hadley: Bergin and Garvey Publishers. 1985.Google Scholar
- Earle, T. K. (1997). How chiefs come to power: The political economy in prehistory. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hoben, A. (1963). Role of ambilineal descent groups in Gojjam Amhara social organization. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms.Google Scholar
- Richards Audrey I. (1940). Political system of the Bemba Tribe: North-Eastern Rhodesia. African Political Systems. Publication for the international institute of African languages & Cultures by the Oxford University Press, H. Milford. Retrieved from http://ehrafworldcultures.yale.edu/document?id=fq05-007
- Sandin, B. (1967). Sea Dayaks of Borneo: Before white rajah rule. London: MacMillan & Co. Ltd..Google Scholar
- Turnbull, C. M. (1965). Wayward servants: The two worlds of the African pygmies. Garden City: The Natural History Press.Google Scholar