Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Cost Inflicting

  • Valerie G. Starratt
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_145-1



Cost-inflicting behaviors include those behaviors that cause physical or psychological harm to an individual and/or reduce an individual’s access or perceived access to resources.

Costs of Intimate Relationship Development

Developing and maintaining an intimate relationship require the investment of resources, in terms of time, energy, finances, emotional commitment, and so on. If the benefits gained from being involved in an intimate relationship outweigh the costs of developing and maintaining that relationship, then the result is a net gain. If the costs outweigh the benefits, on the other hand, the result is a net loss.

Males and females tend to bring different investments into a relationship and so may incur different costs for committing to such a relationship (Miller 2011). Males, for instance, are more likely to make investments of material resources. In effect, males can buy their way into a long-term relationship by...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA