Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Alfred Russel Wallace and Charles Darwin

  • Hugo Antonius van den BergEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1296-1

Definition

Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 1823–7 November 1913) and Charles Darwin (12 February 1809–19 April 1882) are jointly credited with contributing the doctrine of natural selection to the scientific literature. There can be no doubt that they independently conceived of the same theory; the priority question was settled amicably by a joint publication in 1858.

Introduction

Darwin has become, with considerable justification, the flag-bearer of evolution, but many of his (near-)contemporaries poured over the same questions. The obverse side of hero worship is indignation over those who were overlooked: the perniciousness of Darwinists allegedly shown by the manner in which Wallace, a formidable biogeographical scientist in his own right, was robbed of the priority credit. However, history and human relationships can be, and thankfully often are, more subtle than squabbles over priority. In reality, Darwin’s response was admirably honorable, and the real interest resides in...

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References

  1. Darwin, C. (1858). On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  2. Darwin, C. R. (1958). The autobiography of Charles Darwin 1809–1882. With the original omissions restored. Edited and with appendix and notes by his grand-daughter Nora Barlow. London: Collins.Google Scholar
  3. Darwin, C., & Wallace, A. (1858). On the tendency of species to form varieties; and on the perpetuation of varieties and species by natural means of selection (comprising Extract from an unpublished Work on Species by CD and On The Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type by ARW). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 3, 45–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fisher, R. A. (1936). Has Mendel’s work been rediscovered? Annals of Science, 1, 115–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lamarck, J.-B.-P.-A. (1809). Philosophie Zoologique, ou Exposition des Considérations Relatives à l'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux. Paris: Dentu.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warwick Mathematics InstituteUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Farid Pazhoohi
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Psychology, Department of Basic PsychologyUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal