Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Alfred Russel Wallace (1858)

  • Miguel Puentes-Escamilla
  • Germán GutiérrezEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1295-1



Alfred Russel Wallace (January 8, 1823–November 7, 1913) was a British naturalist, geographer, and theoretician in biology. Mostly known as the co-author of the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection along with Charles Darwin, Wallace was also the founder of biogeography.


Human evolution, particularly the evolution of high psychological faculties, was a controversial topic on the rising of evolutionary theory in the mid-nineteenth century. A comprehensive reading of The Origin of Species (Darwin 1859) reveals the discomfort generated by the inclusion of human beings in the evolutionary process. Sooner or later, Darwin would be pressured to solve this matter. An important part of this pressure came from the coauthor of the theory of evolution by natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace, who had his own arguments to solve the matter of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life SciencesUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversidad Nacional de ColombiaBogotáColombia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Douglas Sellers
    • 1
  1. 1.Penn State Worthington ScrantonScrantonUSA