Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Working Memory

  • Marios ConstantinouEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1104-1



A cognitive system responsible for storing and manipulating information, for a short time period, for the completion of an action, such as a mathematical problem (mental action) or following the correct process on a recipe you just heard (physical action).


Working memory, an evidence supported theoretical construct, is defined as the cognitive system responsible for storing and manipulating information, for a short time period, for the completion of an action. For example, a child’s good working memory system would hold a mathematical problem, read by the teacher in the classroom, process the solution, and come up with the correct answer (mental action). In another example, somebody gives you a phone number that you have to remember until you reach your calling device and dial that number. Psychologists devised numerous psychometric tests to assess working memory. “Digit Span” is a working memory...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus