Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford


  • Jacob Peedicayil
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1090-1



A system of training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often accompanying study.

As discussed elsewhere in this work (Peedicayil 2018), cultural inheritance involves the storage and transmission of information by communication, imitation, teaching, and learning. In this context, there is evidence that complex social behaviors like human altruism and mate choice (Rushton et al. 1986), social attitudes (Martin et al. 1986), personality (Eaves et al. 1999), and the human sex ratio (Lipatov et al. 2008) are culturally transmitted. The cultural transmission of such behaviors, for obvious reasons, will occur effectively only in an animal species that is social, i.e., where the members live in groups and interact freely with one another. Human beings are the archetype of that type of animal species and the groups they live in are termed societies (Wilson 2000). Indeed, the famous Greek philosopher Aristotle...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Christian Medical CollegeVelloreIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus