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Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD): Fundamentals and Applications from Nano- to Microscale Structures

  • Pouya Amrollahi
  • Jerzy S. Krasinski
  • Ranji Vaidyanathan
  • Lobat TayebiEmail author
  • Daryoosh VashaeeEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

EPD is a technique where charged particles in a stable colloidal suspension are moved through the liquid due to electric field and deposited on an oppositely charged conductive substrate, forming the intended material or device. EPD enables fabrication of a wide range of structures from traditional to advanced materials, from nanometric thin films to a fraction of 1 mm thick films, and from porous scaffolds to highly compact coatings. These structures include different compositions with complex shapes and structures which can be formed in a relatively short experimentation time by simple apparatus. This review presents the fundamentals, mechanisms, and characteristics of EPD along with its past and recent applications.

Keywords

Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) Ceramic materials Biomedical materials Thermoelectric materials Materials fabrication 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study is partially based upon work supported by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) High Temperature Materials program under grant no. FA9550-10-1-0010, Oklahoma Center for Advancement of Science and Technology (grant no. AR131-054 8161 and grant no. AR131-049) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant no. 0933763.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Helmerich Advanced Technology Research Center, School of Material Science and EngineeringOklahoma State UniversityTulsaUSA
  2. 2.Helmerich Advanced Technology Research Center, School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringOklahoma State UniversityTulsaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Developmental SciencesMarquette University School of DentistryMilwaukeeUSA
  4. 4.Electrical and Computer Engineering DepartmentNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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