Advertisement

A History of Kidney Transplantation

  • Jerry McCauley
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

Part of the Organ and Tissue Transplantation book series (OTT)

Abstract

Kidney transplantation has a long rich history dating back to Indian plastic surgeon’s refashioning of deformed noses until now when hundreds of thousands of grafts have been successfully transplanted. The advances were incremental with periods in which the gains were forgotten requiring duplication and delay. Skin grafts have provided invaluable information on the immunology of transplantation and remain a standard research method. Unfortunately, the erroneous claims of successful clinical skin grafting throughout history have only recently been corrected. It is difficult to assign primacy to any one pioneer for landmark advances since in most cases the “first” of any advance followed a substantial background of previous studies and in some cases the successful transplant was not a surprise to anyone. The credit should go to the many who worked tirelessly without reward to advance renal transplantation and all other forms of transplantation for the good of their patients. We live in an era when what was myth is now reality.

Keywords

Homo(allo)transplantation Hetero(xeno)transplantation Autograft Freemartin cattle Grafts Acute renal failure Immunosuppression Carrel patch Cyclosporine Imuran Tacrolimus 6-Mercaptopurine Total body irradiation (TBI) Human histocompatibility antigen (HLA) OPTN (Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network) UNOS (United Network of Organ Sharing) 

References

  1. Akerman J (1912) Alexis Carrel – nobel lecture: suture of blood-vessels and transplantation of organs. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1912/press.html. Accessed 11 Apr 2017
  2. Barker CF (2013a) Historical overview of transplantation. Cold Spring Harb Perpect Med 3(a014977):1–18Google Scholar
  3. Barker CF (2013b) Historical overview of transplantation. Cold Spring Harb Perpect Med 3(a014977):14Google Scholar
  4. Billingham R, Brent L, Medawar P (1953) Actively acquired tolerance of foreign cells. Nature 172:603CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Brent L (1997) A history of transplantation immunology. Academic, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown J (1937) Homografting of skin- with report of success in identical twins. Surgery 1(4):558–563Google Scholar
  7. Bynum CW (1995) The resurrection of the human body in Western Christianity, 200-1336. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Calne R (1960) The rejection of renal homografts: inhibition in dogs by 6-mercaptopurine. Lancet 1:417CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Calne RY (1961) Inhibition of the rejection of renal homografts in dogs by purine analogues. Transplant Bull 28:65–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Calne RY, Murray JE (1961) Inhibition of the rejection of renal homografts in dogs by Burroughs Wellcome 57–322. Surg Forum 12:118–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Calne RY, Alexandre GP, Murray JE (1962) A study of the effects of drugs in prolonging survival of homologous renal transplants in dogs. Ann N Y Acad Sci 99:743–761CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Calne R, White D, Thiru S, Evans D, McMaster P, Dunn D, Craddock G, Pentlow B, Rolles K (1978) Cyclosporin A in patients receiving renal allografts from cadaver donors. Lancet 2:1323CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Calne R, Rolles K, White D (1979) Cyclosporin A initially as the only immunosuppressant in 34 recipients of cadaveric organs; 32 kidneys, 2 pancreases, and 2 livers. Lancet 2:1033CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Carrel A (1902) La technique operatoire des anastomoses vasculairees et la transplantation des visceres. Lyon Med 98:859–884Google Scholar
  15. Carrel A (2001) The transplantation of organs: a preliminary communication. Yale J Biol Med 74:239–241PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Churchill W (1944) My early life. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Collins G, Bravo-Shugarman M, Terasaki P (1969) Kidney preservation for transportation: initial perfusion and 30 hours ice storage. Lancet 2:1219CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Cook J (1648) Mellificium Chirurgiae (Marrow of Many Authors). LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Cooper D (2012) A brief history of cross-species organ transplantation. Proc (Baylor Univ Med Cent) 25(1):49–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cosimi A, Colvin R, Burton R, Rubin R, Goldstein G, Kung P, Hansen W, Delmonico F, Russell P (1981) Use of monoclonal antibodies to T-cell subsets for immunological monitoring and treatment in recipients of renal allografts. N Engl J Med 305:308CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Gibson T, Medawar P (1943) The fate of skin homografts in man. J Anat 78:176Google Scholar
  22. Gnudi M (1988) The life and times of Gaspare Tagliacozzi, surgeon of Bologna, 1545–1599: with a documented study of the scientific and cultural life of Bologna in the sixteenth century. The Classics of Surgery Library. The Classics of Surgery Library; Special ed edition (1988)Google Scholar
  23. Goodwin W, Kaufmann J, Mims M, Turner R, Glaock R, Goldman R (1963) Human renal transplantation. I Clinical experience with six cases of renal homotransplantation. J Urol 89:13CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Hamburger J, Vaysse J, Crosnier J, Auvert J, Lalanne C, Hopper J (1962) Renal homotransplantation in man after radiation of the recipient. Am J Med 32:854CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Hamilton D (2012) A history of organ transplantation. University of Pittsburgh Press, PIttsburghCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hopewell J, Calne RY, Beswick I (1964) Three clinical cases of renal transplantation. Br Med J 1(5380):411–413CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Hume D, Merrill J, Miller B, Thorn G (1955) Experience with renal homotransplantation in the human: report of nine cases. J Clin Investig 34:327CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Kalayoglu M, Sollinger W, Stratta R, D’Alessandro A, Hoffman R, Pirsch J, Belzer F (1988) Extended preservation of the liver for clinical transplantation. Lancet 1:617PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Kolff WJ (1998) Dr. Willem J. Kolff, the godfather of artificial organs and founding president of the International Society for Artificial Organs. Artif Organs 22(11):917–922CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Kuss RB, Bourget P (1992) An illustrated history of organ transplantation. Laboratoires Sandoz, Rueil-MalmaisonGoogle Scholar
  31. Main J, Prehn R (1955) Successful skin homografts after the administration of high dosages x radiation and homologous bone marrow. J Natl Cancer Inst 15(4)Google Scholar
  32. Mannick J, Lochte H, Ashley C, Thomas E, Ferrebee J (1959) A functioning kidney homotransplant in the dog. Surgery 46:821PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Marchioro T, Huntley R, Waddell W, Starzl T (1963) Extra-corporeal perfusion for obtaining postmortem homografts. Surgery 54(900)Google Scholar
  34. McDiarmid SV, Pruett TL, Graham WK (2008) The oversight of solid organ transplantation in the United States. Am J Transplant Off J Am Soc Transplant Am Soc Transplant Surg 8(4):739–744.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-6143.2007.02147.xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McGregor D, Gowans J (1964) Survival of homografts of skin in rats depleted of lymphocytes by chronic drainage from the thoracic duct. Lancet 1:629CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Medawar P (1944) The behavior and fate of skin autografts and skin homografts in rabbits. J Anat 78:176PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Murray J, Merrill J, Dammin G, Dealy J, Walter C, Brooke M, Wilson R (1960) Study of Transplantation Immunity after total body irradiation: clinical and experimental investigation. Surgery 48:272PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Najarian J, Simmons R, Gewurz H, Moberg A, Merkel F, Moore G (1969) Anti-serum to cultured human lymphoblasts: preparation, purification and immunosuppressive properties in man. Ann Surg 170:617CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. Reverdin J-L (1869) Greffe epidermique. Bull De La Soc Imperiale Chirurgicale Paris 10:511–515Google Scholar
  40. Saran R, Robinson B, Abbott K et al (2016) US renal data system 2016 annual data report: epidemiology of kidney disease in the United States. Am J Kidney Dis 67(3 (Suppl 1)):S139–S158Google Scholar
  41. Schwartz R, Dameshek W (1959a) Drug-induced immunological tolerance. Nature 183:1682CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Schwartz R, Dameshek W (1959b) The effects of 6-mercaptopurine on homograft reactions. J Clin Invest 39:952CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Starzl TE (2011a) History of clinical transplantation. World J Surg 24(7):759–782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Starzl TE (2011b) History of clinical transplantation. World J Surg 24(7):9Google Scholar
  45. Starzl TE (2011c) History of clinical transplantation. World J Surg 24(7):5Google Scholar
  46. Starzl TE (2011d) History of clinical transplantation. World J Surg 24(7):14Google Scholar
  47. Starzl TE, Marchioro TL, Waddell WR (1963) The reversal of rejection in human renal homografts with subsequent development of homograft tolerance. Surg Gynecol Obstet 117:385–395PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  48. Starzl T, Marchioro T, Porter K, Iwasaki Y, Cerilli G (1967) The use of heterologous antilymphoid agents in canine renal and liver homotransplantation and in human renal homotransplantation. Surg Gynecol Obstet 124:301PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  49. Starzl T, Fung J, Jordan M, Shapiro R, Tzakis A, McCauley J, Johnston J, Iwaki Y, Jain A, Alessiani M, Todo S (1990) Kidney transplantation under FK 506. JAMA 264(63)Google Scholar
  50. Starzl TE, Fung J, Tzakis A, Todo S, Demetris AJ, Marino IR, Doyle H, Zeevi A, Warty V, Michaels M et al (1993) Baboon-to-human liver transplantation. Lancet 341(8837):65–71CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  51. Terasaki P (1991a) History of transplantation: thirty-five recollections. UCLA Tissue Typing Laboratory, Los Angeles, p 159Google Scholar
  52. Terasaki P (1991b) History of transplantation: thirty-five recollections. UCLA Tissue Typing Laboratory, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  53. Tilney N (2003) Transplant- from myth to reality. Yale University Press, New HavenGoogle Scholar
  54. Toledo-Pereyra L, Palma-Vargas J (1999) Searching for history in transplantation: early modern attempts at surgical kidney grafting. Transplant Proc 31:2945–2948CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Voronoy Y (1932) On the problems of the role and significance of specific complement-fixing antibodies in free transplantation of the testicles. Archiv fur Klinische Chirurgie 171:361–385Google Scholar
  56. Voronoy Y (1937) Blocking the reticuloendothelial system in man in some forms of mercuric chloride intoxication and the transplantation of the cadaver kidney as a method of treatment for the anuria resulting from the intoxication. El Siglo Medico 97:296Google Scholar
  57. Yaremchuk M (2013) Plastic surgeons: pioneers in transplantation. HuffPost. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-yaremchuk-md/plastic-surgery-transplants_b_2533722.html
  58. Zukoski C, Lee H, Hume D (1960) The prolongation of functional survival of canine renal homografts by 6-mercaptopurine. Surg Forum 11:470PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chief Nephrology DivisionSidney Kimmel Medical College, Thomas Jefferson UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations