Injury Mechanisms in Traffic Accidents

  • Brian D. Goodwin
  • Sajal Chirvi
  • Frank A. Pintar
Reference work entry


This chapter aims to describe and explain current understandings of injury mechanisms in motor vehicle crashes. The following sections are organized according to anatomical regions and associated injuries. This chapter was limited to discussing mechanisms of severe and/or fatal injuries. Real-world injury biomechanics and injury forensics studies play an essential role that impels new developments in vehicle design and safety enhancements. The science of impact mechanics aims to explain injury mechanisms, characterize biomechanical systems, estimate injury risk, and analyze approaches to injury prevention. The intent of this chapter is to review current understandings of injury mechanisms common in traffic crashes.


Vehicle crash Vehicle collision Injury scale Injury probability Injury criteria Motor vehicle 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian D. Goodwin
    • 1
  • Sajal Chirvi
    • 1
  • Frank A. Pintar
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuroscience Research Labs – Research 151Medical College of Wisconsin, Zablocki VA Medical CenterMilwaukeeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Andrew McIntosh
    • 1
  1. 1.CremorneAustralia

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