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Cross-Platform Comparison of Imaging Technologies for Measuring Musculoskeletal Motion

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Abstract

Human movement is integral to daily life, it defines our species (the ability to walk upright and manipulate objects using an opposable thumb), and it is central to our ability to interact with our environment. As such, the study of human motion is dually important in our ability to optimize human functional ability. It provides a platform for understanding how pathology or injury affects human motion, so that we can both prevent and treat such pathologies. The earliest studies of human motion were mainly observational to qualify types of movements, while the current discipline and subdisciplines of human movement studies aim to quantify musculoskeletal kinematics, at times with submillimeter accuracy.

The aim of this chapter is to discuss invasive and noninvasive methodologies for studying human motion with a focus on the reported accuracies, advantages, and limitations for each technique. Accuracies are presented throughout this chapter if they were reported as maximum average absolute or root mean squared errors for accuracy data for translational (in millimeters) and rotational data (in degrees) in order to simplify the reporting of cumulative accuracies from relevant articles. Thus, this review will highlight the current state of each methodology, as a platform for future investigators to build on these technologies.

Keywords

  • Validation
  • Accuracy
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • MRI
  • Cine MRI
  • Cine phase contrast
  • CPC motion capture
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Single-plane videoradiography
  • Biplane videoradiography
  • Ultrasound
  • Muscle
  • Skeletal
  • Musculoskeletal
  • Computed Tomography
  • CT
  • Motion capture
  • Optoelectronic tracking system
  • OTS
  • Pose estimation

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Acknowledgments

We thank Judith Welsh for her help and support toward this project. This work was funded by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA. This research was also made possible through the NIH Medical Research Scholars Program, a public-private partnership (http://fnih.org).

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Correspondence to Frances T. Sheehan .

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Smith, R.M., Sheehan, F.T. (2018). Cross-Platform Comparison of Imaging Technologies for Measuring Musculoskeletal Motion. In: Handbook of Human Motion. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14418-4_194

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