Scaling and Normalization

  • At L. Hof
Reference work entry


When comparing results of movement analysis between subjects, it is advisable to account for differences in stature and body weight. Two methods will be presented, scaling by nondimensional numbers and scaling to standard size. Specific for walking and other cyclic movements, methods to normalize for cycle time and to account for average speed are presented.


Normalization Scaling Nondimensional numbers Dimensionless numbers Units Waking speed Gait cycle  


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Human Movement Sciences and Laboratory of Human Movement Analysis, Department of RehabilitationUniversity Medical Center GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

Section editors and affiliations

  • William Scott Selbie
    • 1
  1. 1.Has-Motion Inc.KingstonCanada

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