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Ultrasound Technology for Examining the Mechanics of the Muscle, Tendon, and Ligament

  • Glen Lichtwark
Reference work entry

Abstract

Ultrasound imaging provides a means to look inside the body and examine how tissues respond to mechanical stress or muscle contraction. As such, it can provide a valuable tool for understanding how muscle, tendon, and ligament mechanics influence the way we move, or vice versa, in health and disease, or to understand how and why these tissues might get injured due to chronic or acute loading. This chapter explores the basic concepts of ultrasound and how it can be used to examine muscle, tendon, and ligament structure and mechanical function. It introduces different techniques, like conventional B-mode imaging, three-dimensional ultrasound, and various forms of elastography that can be used to quantify geometrical and mechanical properties of the muscle, tendon, and ligament. Furthermore, methods to quantify muscle and tendon mechanical function during dynamic human movement are explored, and recommendations provided on which techniques are most suitable for different biomechanical investigations. Finally, some predictions about how new ultrasound imaging technologies might continue to advance our understanding of human motion are proposed and explored.

Keywords

Biomechanical imaging Stress Strain 3D ultrasound Tissue tracking Elastography 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Sensorimotor Performance, School of Human Movement and Nutrition SciencesThe University of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • William Scott Selbie
    • 1
  1. 1.Has-Motion Inc.KingstonCanada

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