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Bioastronautics: Definition and Scope

Why Risk Humans for Space Exploration
Living reference work entry

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Abstract

Bioastronautics is the intersection of space science and technology with biology and human factors. It encompasses both human and nonhuman space life science, including astronaut performance, protection, and life support as well as the effect of space on biological processes.

Keywords

Life support Atmospheres Biomechanics Physiology Human factors Space medicine Astronauts Weightlessness Radiation Extra-terrestrial Planetary protection 

References

  1. Buckey J (2006) Space physiology. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Caprara C (2000) Living in space; from science fiction to the international space station. Firefly Books, BuffaloGoogle Scholar
  3. Levine JS, Schild RE (eds) (2010) The human mission to Mars:colonizing the red planet. Cosmology Science, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  4. NASA (2010) In: Lane H (ed) Wings in orbit: scientific and engineering legacies of the space shuttle: 1971–2010, NASA SP 2010-3409. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  5. Parker JF, West VR (1973) Bioaastronautics data book, NASA SP-3006, 2nd edn. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  6. Phillips RW (2011) Grappling with gravity: how will life adapt to living in space? Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Medical Engineering and Science (IMES), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Apollo ProgramCambridgeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Laurence R. Young
    • 1
  • Jeffrey P. Sutton
    • 2
  1. 1.Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology (HST), Institute for Medical Engineering and Science (IMES)Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Aeronautics and AstronauticsCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Center for Space MedicineBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

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