An Astronaut’s Perspective on Life Science Research in the Shuttle Era

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Performing life science research in space during the Shuttle program was not easy. While there was great promise for scientists interested in understanding the effect of gravity on living things, the path was daunting and required perseverance, patience, ingenuity, flexibility, and compromise. Experiments on the Shuttle were expensive, and the number of data points and repetitions was often quite limited. This is a personal perspective of that arduous yet rewarding journey during my career as an astronaut from 1978 until 1996.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA AstronautMurfreesboroUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jeffrey A. Hoffman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Aeronautics and AstronauticsMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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