Bioethics in Space Exploration
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The term “research” refers to a class of activities designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. The fact that NASA was conducting and planning future human research required that it develop an institutional review board (IRB). Formal bioethics policies and procedures started with the establishment of the Johnson Space Center (JSC) IRB, which was known as the Human Research Policy and Procedures Committee (HRPPC). It was developed in response to NASA NMI 7100.8 in 1972 (DHHS 1974). The Belmont Report (1979) required updates to NMI 7100.8. This chapter traces the evolution of NASA’s human research guidelines through the International Space Station. Finally, some considerations of exploration class missions are discussed.
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