Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton

Managing Behavioral Health in Space

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10152-1_118-1

Definition

Behavioral health in space is the practical application of aerospace psychiatry and aerospace psychology techniques to positively influence the mental well-being of astronauts, cosmonauts, and their family members.

Space flight possesses unique stressors in an unforgiving environment. Behavioral health is currently ranked second to the risk of space radiation exposure as a potential impediment to a successful exploration class mission. Lessons learned have revealed that prior Russian space flight missions have been terminated early due to psychological decrement. Therefore, it is critical to have in place a comprehensive and integrated program to prevent, detect, assess, and manage behavioral health issues in human space flight.

Lessons Learned

Several human space flight missions in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s produced issues with behavioral health due to psychological factors. In 1974, the crew of Skylab III expressed displeasure with their excessive workload and...

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References

  1. Besonne L, Coffe E, Inoue N, Gittens M, Mukai C, O’Connor S, Tomi L, Ren V, Schmidt L, Sipes W, Vander Ark S, Vassin A 2007 International space station human behavior & performance competency model vol 1. NASA/TM-2008-214775. http://ston.jsc.nasa.gov/collections/trs/_techrep/TM-2008-214775Vol1.pdf. Accessed 22 May 2015
  2. Cooper Jr, H. S. (1976). Life in a Space Station II. New Yorker Magazine, 6, 34–70.Google Scholar
  3. Duncan JM, Bogomolov VV, Castrucci F, Koike Y, Comtois JM, Sargsyan AE (2007) Organization and Management of the International Space Station (ISS) multilateral medical operations. http://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20070021295.pdf. Accessed 10 May 2015
  4. Galarza L, Holland AW (1999) Critical astronaut proficiencies required for long-duration space flight. In: Proceedings of the international conference on environmental systems, Denver, 12–15 July 1999Google Scholar
  5. Harrison A, Fiedler E (2015) Behavioral health. In: Vakoch D (ed) Psychology of space exploration: contemporary research in historical perspective. US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, pp 17–45. http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4411.pdf. Accessed 15 May 2015Google Scholar
  6. Holland AW (1999) The psychology of space flight. In: Larson WJ, Pranke LK (eds) Human space flight: mission analysis and design. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 155–192Google Scholar
  7. Kanas N, Manzey D (2008) Space psychology and psychiatry, 2nd edn. Microcosm, El SegundoGoogle Scholar
  8. Sipes WE, Vander Ark ST (2005) Operational behavioral health and performance resources for international space station crews and families. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 76(Supplement 1):B36–B41(6)Google Scholar
  9. Stuster J (2010) Behavioral issues associated with long-duration space: review and analysis of astronaut journals experiments 01-E104 (journals): final report. NASA/TM-2010-216130. http://ston.jsc.nasa.gov/collections/trs/_techrep/TM-2010-216130.pdf. Accessed 5 May 2015

Further Reading

  1. Inglis-Arkell E (2012) What does space travel do to your mind? NASA’s resident psychiatrist reveals all. http://io9.com/5967408/what-does-space-travel-do-to-your-mind-nasas-resident-psychiatrist-reveals-all
  2. Levine JS, Schild RE (eds) (2010) Section V psychology, stress behavioral health of astronauts and crew. In: The human mission to mars: colonizing the red planet. Cosmology Science Publishers, Cambridge, MA. pp 291–347Google Scholar
  3. Schmidt LL, Keeton K, Slack KJ, Leveton LB, Shea C (2009) Risk of performance errors due to poor team cohesion and performance, inadequate selection/team composition, inadequate training, and poor psychosocial adaption. In: Mcphee JC, Charles JB (eds) Human health and performance risks of space exploration missions. pp 45–84. http://ston.jsc.nasa.gov/collections/trs/_techrep/SP-2009-3405.pdf
  4. Slack KJ, Shea C, Leveton, LB, Whitmire AM, Schmidt LL (2009) Risk of behavioral and psychiatric conditions. In: Mcphee JC, Charles JB (eds) Human health and performance risks of space exploration missions. pp 3–44. http://ston.jsc.nasa.gov/collections/trs/_techrep/SP-2009-3405.pdf
  5. Whitmire AM, Leveton LB, Barger L, Brainard G, Dinges DF, Klerman E, Shea C (2009) Risk of performance errors due to sleep loss, circadian desynchronization, fatigue, and work overload. In: Mcphee JC, Charles JB (eds) Human health and performance risks of space exploration missions. pp 85–116. http://ston.jsc.nasa.gov/collections/trs/_techrep/SP-2009-3405.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aerospace Psychology ConsultantsTucsonUSA
  2. 2.Behavioral Health & Performance Operations TeamHuman Health and Performance Medical Operations Group, Human Space Operations Branch, Johnson Space CenterNASA HoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • David F. Dinges
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pennsylvania, Perelman School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA