Advertisement

Russian Life Support Systems: Vostok, Voskhod, and Soyuz

  • Bart HendrickxEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

Abstract

This chapter discusses life support systems (LSS) developed for the three Soviet/Russian piloted spacecraft that have flown to date: Vostok (1961–1963), Voskhod (1964–1965), and Soyuz (1967–present). Key differences between the LSS of these vehicles and those of America’s first piloted vehicles (Mercury, Gemini, Apollo) were the use of a nitrogen/oxygen atmosphere (vs. pure oxygen on the US vehicles) and the production of oxygen via chemical reactions (vs. gaseous and cryogenic storage of oxygen on US vehicles).

Keywords

Vostok Voskhod Soyuz 

References

  1. Abramov I, Skoog I (2003) Russian spacesuits. Springer/Praxis, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  2. Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. Information for press (1975). NASA, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Davydov V (ed) (2011a) Pervyy pilotiruemyy polyot (Kniga 1). Rodina Media, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  4. Davydov V (ed) (2011b) Pervyy pilotiruemyy polyot (Kniga 2). Rodina Media, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  5. Fyodorov A (2015) Sistema regeneratsii vozdukha dlya obespecheniya polyota kosmicheskogo korablya Vostok. In: Barmin I (ed) Istoriya razvitiya otechestvennoi pilotiruemoi kosmonavtiki. Stolichnaya entsiklopediya, Moscow, pp 88–93Google Scholar
  6. Galkova I (ed) (2011) Chelovek, korabl, kosmos. Novyy khronograf, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  7. Gilbert L (1975) Zhizn i rabota v kosmose. seriya kosmonavtika, astronomiya, vol 12. Znaniye, Moscow, pp 22–24Google Scholar
  8. Glushko V (ed) (1985) Kosmonavtika entskiklopediya. Sovetskaya entsiklopediya, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  9. Hall R, Shayler D (2001) The rocket men (Vostok & Voskhod: the first Soviet manned spaceflights). Springer/Praxis, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  10. Kamanin N (1995) Skrytyy kosmos (Kniga 1) (1960–1963). Infortekst, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  11. Kamanin N (1997) Skrytyy kosmos (Kniga 2) (1964–1966). Infortekst, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  12. Voronin G, Guenin A, Fomin A (1965) Physiological and hygienical evaluation of life support systems of the Vostok and Voskhod spacecraft. In: Bjurstedt H (ed) Proceedings of the second international symposium on basic environmental problems of man in space. Springer, Vienna, pp 439–446Google Scholar
  13. Zhuk E, Malikov A (1999) Soyuz crew operations manual. NASA, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.MortselBelgium

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erik Seedhouse
    • 1
  1. 1.MiltonCanada

Personalised recommendations