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Psychosocial Resilience

  • Shawna PandyaEmail author
  • Lee von Kraus
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Where manned spaceflight was once an endeavor concentrated primarily on complex feats of engineering, psychosocial factors are becoming of increasing importance in mission planning. Planned future missions are increasing in scope, duration, and complexity as governmental space agencies and private ventures alike have set their sights on suborbital flight, space tourism, lunar missions, asteroid mining, Mars habitats, near-Earth objects and increasingly-distant locales. This chapter discusses the psychological challenges of the spaceflight environment, relevant lessons learned from other extreme environments, and current approaches toward optimizing crew selection and performance, culminating with a discussion of considerations for the future of psychological health in manned spaceflight.

Keywords

Mental toughness Team cohesion Crew cohesion Group dynamics Group structures Interpersonal interaction Cultural dimensions Psychological resilience Psychosocial resilience Select-out criteria Select-in criteria Coping strategies Salutogenic effects 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.Nebulab NYCNew YorkUSA

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