Advertisement

Characteristics of the Martian Surface

  • David F. WassellEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter is a general, very basic overview of the characteristics of the surface of Mars. This includes the radiation environment and insolation; characteristics of the atmosphere; dust; magnetism; surface features including volcanism, cratering, and other features; the presence and form of water; and surface mineralogy and chemical makeup. This is at times interpreted in terms of how these features may affect life support on the surface.

Keywords

Mars atmosphere Volcanism Magnetic field Surface temperature Insolation Radiation hazards Chemical makeup Sulfates Perchlorates Iron Blueberries Lava tubes Cryosphere Mineral composition Mars water Phyllosilicates Orbital parameters Reduced gravity 

References

  1. Badescu V (2009) Mars: prospective energy and material resources. Springer Science & Business Media, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bell J (ed) (2008) The martian surface. Cambridge UniversityPress, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Carr MH (2007) The surface of Mars. Cambridge University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ghiassi-nejad M, Mortazavi SMJ et al (2002) Very high background radiation areas of Ramsar, Iran: preliminary biological studies. Health Physics 82(1):87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hassler DM, Zeitlin C et al (2014) Mars’ surface radiation environment measured with the Mars science laboratory’s curiosity rover. Science 343(6169)Google Scholar
  6. Karam PA, Leslie SA (1996) The evolution of the earth’s background radiation level over geologic time. In Proceedings: IRPA9: 1996 international congress on radiation protection. Berger, Austria, Vol. 2, pp 238–240Google Scholar
  7. Levine JS, Kraemer DR et al (1977) Solar radiation incident on Mars and the outer planets: latitudinal, seasonal, and atmospheric effects. Icarus 31(1):136–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lide DR (1991–1992) CRC handbook of chemistry and physics: a ready-reference book of chemical and physical data. Special student edition. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  9. Purucker M, Ravat D et al (2000) An altitude-normalized magnetic map of Mars and its interpretation. Geophysical Research Letters 27(16):2449–2452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Zubrin R, Wagner R et al (2011) The case for Mars: the plan to settle the red planet and why we must. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.OperationsSaskpower BDPS (Boundary Dam Power Station)Estevan, SKCanada
  2. 2.Astronauts4HireHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations