Skip to main content

Euthanasia: Active

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics
  • 311 Accesses


In this contribution the focus is on euthanasia from a historical point of view, on classifications, and ethical issues. Significant space is reserved for the shaping of a practice of active euthanasia in three countries that as of 2015 have one, with extensive data on the Netherlands both before and after the law on euthanasia and on Belgium and Luxembourg after legalization.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 1,799.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 1,999.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  • Chambaere, K., Bernheim, J. L., Downar, J., & Deliens, L. (2014). Characteristics of Belgian ‘life-ending acts without explicit request’: A large-scale death certificate survey revisited. CMJA Oen. doi:10.9778/cmajo.20140034.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Finns, J. J., & Bachetta, M. D. (1995). Framing the physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia debate: The role of deontology, consequentialism and clinical pragmatism. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 43, 563–568.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gesundheit, B., Steinberg, A., Glick, S., Or, R., & Jotkovic, A. (2006). Euthanasia: An overview and the Jewish perspective. Cancer Investigations, 24(6), 623ff.

    Google Scholar 

  • MELC Project. (2011). Monitoring the end-of-life care in Flanders. In Palliatieve Zorg en Euthanasie in België [Palliative Care and Euthanasia in Belgium]. Brussel: Uitgeverij ASP.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pijnenborg, L., Van der Maas, P. J., Van Delden, J. J. M., & Looman, C. W. N. (1993). Life-terminating acts without explicit request of patient. Lancet, 341, 1196–1199.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rachels, J. (1975). Active and passive euthanasia. New England Journal of Medicine, 292, 78–80.

    Google Scholar 

  • Staatscommissie Euthanasie. (1985). Rapport van de Staatscommissie Euthanasie [Report of the State Committee on Euthanasia]. ‘s-Gravenhage: Staatsuitgeverij.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tweede Evaluatie Wet Toetsing Levensbeëindiging op verzoek en hulp bij zelfdoding [Second Evaluation of the Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide (Review Procedures) Act]. (2012). Den Haag: ZonMW.

    Google Scholar 

  • VandenBerghe, P., Mullie, A., Desmet, M., & Huysman, G. (2013). Assisted dying – The current situation in Flanders: Euthanasia embedded in palliative care. European Journal of Palliative Care, 20(6), 266–272.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van der Heide, A., Faisst K., Norup, M., Paci, E., Van der Wal, G., & Van der Maas, P. (2003). End-of-life decision-making in six European countries: A descriptive study. Lancet.

Further Readings

  • Youngner, S. J., & Kimsma, G. K. (2012). Physician-assisted death in perspective. Assessing the Dutch experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gerrit Kimsma .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2016 Springer International Publishing Switzerland

About this entry

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Kimsma, G. (2016). Euthanasia: Active. In: ten Have, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics