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Subversive Art and Secularization in the North of Chile

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The secularization phenomenon finds in modern art one of its clearest expressions. It is an eminently subversive art, which rebels against any external agent that tries to direct its march and in a particularly decisive way regarding its traditional links with religion. In the North of Chile, however, religious dances, which hold a centuries-old tradition, will assume a role similar to that of modern art during the twentieth century, thus becoming a countercultural expression through which the establishment of the labor movement will be articulated.


The dawn of the twentieth century could be considered as the definitive threshold of a series of transformations, which had been gestating in what is now known as the Western world: Charlemagne’s Europe, in terms of geography and time. During the twentieth century, apart from the definitive consolidation of a global social and economic shift, the death certificate of religion is also issued, and art is emancipated...


  • Art
  • Secularization
  • Popular religion

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Correspondence to Federico Aguirre .

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Aguirre, F. (2018). Subversive Art and Secularization in the North of Chile. In: Gooren, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-08956-0

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