Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Gauchito Gil

  • Alejandro Frigerio
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_539-1

Definition

Gauchito Gil is one of the many bandit folk saints of Argentina, and his devotion is the fastest-growing in the country. Originating in the Northeastern province of Corrientes, his altars (in many sizes and shapes) are now found throughout the country.

Introduction

Folk saints are widespread in Argentina. Despite its self-image as a “catholic” and “modern” society, it is probably the Latin American country with the largest number of them. Although we lack comparative studies to positively assert this, folklorist Felix Coluccio’s classic book on the topic (1986) lists 62 santos populares. Most have only a local or regional presence, but some have gone national. During most of the twentieth century the most popular devotion was that of the Difunta Correa, a woman whose sanctifying miracle was to continue breast feeding her baby even beyond her death. In the last decade of the century, however, and most certainly in this one, Gauchito Gilhas by far surpassed her popularity....

Keywords

Folk saints Argentina 
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References

  1. Barrios Cristaldo C (2016) Configuraciones de la nación argentina en la imagen del santo popular Gaucho Antonio Gil. Mem Soc 20(40):205–221Google Scholar
  2. Carozzi MJ (2005) Revisitando La Difunta Correa: nuevas perspectivas en el estudio de las canonizaciones populares en el Cono Sur de América. Rev Invest Folclóricas 20:13–21Google Scholar
  3. Coluccio F (1986) Cultos y canonizaciones populares de Argentina. Ediciones del Sol, Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  4. Frigerio A (2016) San La Muerte en Argentina: Usos heterogéneos y apropiaciones del “más justo de los santos”. In: Hernández AH (ed) La Santa Muerte: espacios, cultos y devociones. El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, TijuanaGoogle Scholar
  5. Frigerio A, La Vega D, Galera C (2015) Tres santuarios del Gauchito Gil en el conurbano. Retrieved 12 Jan 2018 from Blog DIVERSA: http://www.diversidadreligiosa.com.ar/blog/tag/tres-santuarios-del-gauchito-gil-en-el-conurbano/
  6. Galera MC (2010) Construcciones de memoria e identidad en religiosidades populares: reinvención del pasado y conformación identitaria en los discursos y prácticas religiosas de devotos del Gauchito Gil. In: VI Jornadas de Sociología de la UNLP. Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  7. Graziano F (2007) Cultures of devotion: folk saints of Spanish America. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Catholic University of Argentina and National Council for Scientific ResearchBuenos AiresArgentina