Adventism in Puerto Rico arrived in 1898 with the North American troops that invaded the Spanish colony. The Seventh-day Adventist message spread among farmers, minorities, and women with a message of freedom from traditions and health reform. The first cornerstone of Adventism is the teaching that spiritual transformation happens through a Bible-based experience that provides hope in the second coming of Christ. The other three cornerstones are publications, wellness (mental and physical), and Christian education. Adventism has grown in Puerto Rico based on those cornerstones and has been instrumental in spreading Adventism in other parts of the Americas.