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Agnosticism, Atheism, Population without Religion (Nonbelievers) in Guatemala

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Atheism is defined as the “absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods” (Bullivant 2009). Agnosticism is defined as the absence of knowledge regarding whether there is a God or gods, and the belief that such knowledge cannot be obtained (Cragun 2016). Other than Atheists and Agnostics, nonbelievers include other individuals and groups who do not feel comfortable with either of these labels, but share the absence of religion in their lives as well as the absence of belief in a God or gods.

Nonbelievers in Guatemala

Guatemala is a culturally diverse, predominantly Christian nation. Although there are no official census statistics available, polls from the last decade estimate that people who have no religion comprise between 10% and 11% of the Guatemalan population. It is estimated that Catholics make up between 45% and 50% of the population, whereas Evangelical Protestantism comprises between 37% and 42%; about 3% of the population profess other religions (Mayan...


  • Guatemala
  • Agnosticism
  • Atheism
  • Nonbelievers
  • Nonreligious

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Correspondence to Regina Fanjul de Marsicovetere .

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Fanjul de Marsicovetere, R., Gibbons, J.L. (2017). Agnosticism, Atheism, Population without Religion (Nonbelievers) in Guatemala. In: Gooren, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions. Springer, Cham.

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