Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Islam in Brazil

  • Schuyler MarquezEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_263-1


Islam in Brazil incorporates a diverse set of traditions, practices, and histories generated through the migration, labor, and settlement of people in Brazil from Europe, Africa, and the Middle East from the time of colonization, slavery, and immigration beginning in the nineteenth century. Today, Muslim communities thrive in urban locales across the vast country, including São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Curitiba, Foz de Iguaçu, and Belo Horizonte, helping to sustain the practice for those born as Muslim as well as attracting the attention of a number of curious Brazilians and new converts. Despite this rich history of traditions, in a country entrenched in Catholic tradition and experiencing a recent rise in Pentecostalism, Islam continues to be viewed as an ethnic religion with roots from “elsewhere” and thus embedded in debates about ethnic and cultural authenticity.

Islam Among Early Colonization

Islam’s presence in Brazil dates back to the region European discovery in 1500...


Migration Slavery Colonization Ethnicity Identity 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York UniversityNew YorkUSA