Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren


  • Joe BradfordEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_261-1


The word Islam is an Arabic word meaning “submission,” making a Muslim, “one who submits.” As the proper name of a religion, it is defined as “submission to God’s commands as revealed to his prophet Muhammad.”


Islam is the name of the monotheistic religion which calls to the worship of one God as revealed to Muhammad. Its adherents are known as Muslims. To speak of Islam today is not only to refer to the above definitions but to refer to the people and lands that adhere to or are influenced by Islam as a religion and a culture. This would include not only the Muslim majority countries that span the globe from Morocco to the Philippines but include as well Muslim minority groups in Europe and the Americas. In this sense, not only is Islam the second largest religion in the world but also in Europe and the Americas (Esposito 2000).

The word Islam is mentioned in the Quranin eight different verses with several meanings. In religious thought, it is used in two...


Islam Muslim Islamic Abrahamic Religion 
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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Islamic University of MedinaKSAHoustonUSA