Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Francis, Pope

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_225-1


Jorge Bergoglio (1936–) was elected pope and announced his papal name Francis on March 13, 2013. Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires in Argentina on December 17, 1936. He was ordained as a Roman Catholic priest on December 13, 1969. He was named Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in Argentina on July 31, 1973 and was made Metropolitan Archbishop of Buenos Aires on February 28, 1998. During his papacy, Francis has visited all continents.


Jorge Bergoglio (1936–) is an Argentinean citizen who was elected head of the Vatican state in 2013 at the age of 76. He has lived most of his life in Argentina where he served as a Provincial Superior of the Jesuits in the order on a national level in the South American country at the relatively young age of 36. His papacy’s relations to Latin America have in particular been marked by his explicit support to the *Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR) movement in the region and the decision to canonize the Salvadoran Bishop...


Catholicism Papacy Aparecida CELAM conference Liberation theology Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR) Argentina 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Hagopian F (2008) Introduction: the new landscape. In: Hagopian F (ed) Religious pluralism, democracy, and the Catholic church in Latin America. University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, pp 1–66Google Scholar
  2. Ivereigh A (2015) The great reformer: Francis and the making of a radical pope. Allen & Unwin, SydneyGoogle Scholar
  3. Morello G (2017) Transformations in Argentinean Catholicism, from the second half of the twentieth century to Pope Francis. In: Mapril J, Blanes RL, Giumbelli E, Wilson EK (eds) Secularisms in a postsecular age? Religiosities and subjectivities in comparative perspective. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, pp 231–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. PewResearchCenter (2014) Religion in Latin America: widespread change in a historically catholic region. http://www.pewforum.org/2014/11/13/religion-in-latin-america/Google Scholar
  5. Thorsen JE (2015) Charismatic practice and Catholic parish life: the incipient pentecostalization of the church in Guatemala and Latin America. Brill, Leiden/BostonCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of TheologyUniversity of OsloOsloNorway