The ISKCON, better known as the Hare Krishna Movement, is one of many Hinduism-like movements that sprung in the West since the 1960s. Founded in the United States by a Hindu guru, it spread throughout most countries in Latin America. Today, it is present in over 16 countries in the continent. While self-defined as a Hindu religion, it is possible to notice that some of its characteristics are those of a Western religious group that uses Easter symbols and practices.
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), better known as the Hare Krishna Movement, was founded in 1965, in the midst of the counterculture movement, with the arrival of an Indian guru in the United States (Knott 1986). Given that it was a time of effervescence and quests for alternative, even religious one, undertaken mostly by the Western youth, the Movement soon gathered followers and spread to other countries. It landed in Latin America a little later, and nowadays, after...
KeywordsNew religious movements Hare Krishna Movement in Latin America New Age Hinduism Counterculture
- Andrade J (2006) Imagens que falam: Uma aproximação da Iconografia Hindu. Revista de Estudos da Religião 4:1–17Google Scholar
- Campbell C (1997) Orientalização do Ocidente. Religião e sociedade 18(1):5–22Google Scholar
- Guerriero S (2001) O Movimento Hare Krishna no Brasil: Uma Interpretação da Cultura Védica na Sociedade Ocidental. Rever 1:44–56Google Scholar
- Hanegraaff WJ (1996) New Age religion and Western culture: esotericism in the mirror of secular thought. Brill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Heelas P, Woodhead L (2005) The spiritual revolution. Why religion is giving way to spirituality. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Knott K (1986) My sweet Lord. The Hare Krishna movement. The Aquarian Press, WellingboroughGoogle Scholar
- Muster N (1997) Betrayal of the spirit. My life behind the headlines of Hare Krishna movement. Board of Trustees of Illinois University, Urbana, IllinoisGoogle Scholar
- Silveira MS (2005) New Age & Neo-Hinduísmo: Uma Via de Mão Dupla nas Relações Culturais entre Ocidente e Oriente. Ciências Sociais e Religião 6–7:73–101Google Scholar
- Iskon Centers. http://www.iskconcenters.com/. Accessed 15 Jan 2015