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PTSD and Suicide Risk in War Veterans

  • Maurizio PompiliEmail author
  • Giovanni Dominici
  • Alberto Forte
  • Gloria Giordano
  • Dorian A. Lamis
Reference work entry

Abstract

Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD have higher rates of morbidity and mortality as well as an increased risk for death by suicide. Moreover, research has shown that individuals who are diagnosed with (PTSD) are at an increased risk for both suicide ideation and attempts. Among veterans, suicide is far too common and the risk continues to be high for many years following discharge from service. The PTSD-suicidal behavior link has been substantiated by the presence of common risk factors and high rates of comorbidity. War veterans should be adequately assessed for current suicidal behavior on a routine basis.

Keywords

Suicide attempt Suicide ideation PTSD Veterans Risk factors Prevention 

List of Abbreviations

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder

DSM- III

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition

HPA

Hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal axis

CRF

Corticotrophin-releasing factor

MDE

Major depression episode

HVs

Healthy volunteers

DHEA

dehydroepiandrosterone

5-HT

Serotonin

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Pompili
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giovanni Dominici
    • 2
  • Alberto Forte
    • 1
  • Gloria Giordano
    • 1
  • Dorian A. Lamis
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Functions, Suicide Prevention CenterSant’Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Sensory Organs, Suicide Prevention Center, Sant’Andrea HospitalSapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesEmory University School of MedicineAtlantaUSA

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