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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Related to Surgery: Prevalence and Risk Factors

  • Kate G. Deatrich
  • Bret A. BoyerEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

The experience of undergoing surgery is a trauma significant enough to result in PTSD for some patients. This chapter reviews the research on factors related to the development of PTSD: patient characteristics (demographic factors, psychiatric history, cognitive appraisal, and coping), disease factors (severity, predictability and controllability of symptoms, curative potential for surgery), and surgical factors (length of stay, recall of traumatic memories), as well as PTSD effects on self-care activities after surgery, recovery, and health outcomes. Interventions that may be effective for reducing the risk of PTSD (intensive case management, giving patients adequate information, providing appropriate control, behavioral techniques to manage acute distress) are discussed.

Keywords

Surgery Post-traumatic stress Cognitive appraisal Coping 

List of Abbreviations

CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

CAD

Coronary artery disease

CBT

Cognitive behavioral therapy

FI

Functional independence

ICD

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator

ICU

Intensive care unit

MI

Myocardial infarction

PTG

Post-traumatic growth

PTS

Post-traumatic stress

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder

SCI

Spinal cord injury

SES

Socioeconomic status

SSRI

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

TAU

Treatment as usual

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Graduate Clinical PsychologyWidener UniversityChesterUSA

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