Dissociation, Dissociative Disorders, and PTSD

  • Amie C. MyrickEmail author
  • Bethany L. Brand
Reference work entry


Dissociative experiences are common among children and adults, ranging from normative to pathological frequency and severity. This chapter details important aspects of dissociation following traumatic experiences, including empirical support for the trauma model of dissociation, psychobiological processes involved in dissociative experiences, and the presence of both dissociative symptomatology and dissociative disorders in patients diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder. Additionally, the authors discuss the complexities of conducting trauma treatment with dissociative individuals, including differential diagnosis and treatment approaches grounded in current treatment outcome research. Finally, key points to further inform readers about assessment and treatment of dissociative disorders are included at the conclusion of the chapter.


Childhood abuse Complex PTSD Dissociation Dissociative disorders Dissociative identity disorder 

List of Abbreviations


Adverse Childhood Experiences Study


Borderline personality disorder


Childhood sexual abuse


Dissociative disorders


Dissociative disorder not otherwise specified


Dissociative identity disorder


Dissociative subtype of PTSD


Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition


Neutral identity states


Post-traumatic stress disorder


Self-injurious behavior


Trauma identity states


Treatment Outcome of Patients with Dissociative Disorders Study


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Family and Children’sBel AirUSA
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentTowson UniversityTowsonUSA

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