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PTSD After Anesthesia: Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Proposed Treatments

  • Paola AcetoEmail author
  • Carlo Lai
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter fulfills the needs of healthcare providers to have essential information on PTSD after an awareness episode which may occur during general anesthesia. Patients’ symptoms that must induce the suspicious of PTSD will be described in detail. Further discussion will then focus on criteria for the diagnosis of PTSD, type and timing of assessment due, and proposed treatments strategies for PTSD after anesthesia.

Keywords

Stress Post-traumatic Anesthesia Awareness Explicit memory Implicit memory 

List of Abbreviations

BIS

Bispectral index

CAPS

Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale

DSM-IV

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition

EMDR

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress syndrome

SSRIs

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

TF-CBT

Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive CareGemelli HospitalRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Dynamic and Clinical PsychologyUniversity of Rome “Sapienza”RomeItaly

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