Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Henk ten Have

Robots

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05544-2_389-1

Abstract

The expansion of human capability through emerging technologies resulting from converging developments in advanced robotics, information technology, and the cognitive sciences has served as a point of fascination for literature and the box office alike, but it also is transforming the landscape of contemporary medicine, science, and technology. Developments in robotics over the past few decades in manufacturing, shipping, and military applications have already begun to profoundly reshape these industries. Similarly, the healthcare, service industries, and the transportation sector are poised to join this robotic revolution through the increasing sophistication of surgical robots and other robotic caregivers. Given the vast potential of this form of emerging technologies, this entry explores the field of robotic technology across a wide range of industries and the subsequent discourse of robot ethics to consider if there are inherent concerns or dangers in the utilization of these emerging technologies. Additional attention is given to ethical considerations and social implications of these technologies, as well as to legal and other policy questions raised with respect to regulating robotics for the public good.

Keywords

Artificial intelligence Converging technologies Emerging technology Nanotechnology Precautionary principle Risk assessment Technology ethics 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Asimov, I. (1954). The caves of steel. Garden City: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  2. Brey, P., Briggle, A., & Spence, E. (Eds.). (2014). The good life in a technological age. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Cameron, N., & Mitchell, E. (Eds.). (2007). Nanoscale: Issues and perspectives for the nano century. Hoboken: Wiley-Interscience.Google Scholar
  4. Capurro, R., & Nagenborg, M. (Eds.). (2009). Ethics and robotics. Heidelberg: AKA GmbH.Google Scholar
  5. Carr, N. (2014). The glass cage: Automation and us. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  6. DARPA. (n.d.). DARPA robotics challenge. Retrieved March 21, 2015, from http://www.darpa.mil/our_work/tto/programs/darpa_robotics_challenge.aspx
  7. Geraci, R. (2010). Apocalyptic AI: Visions of heaven in robotics, artificial intelligence, and virtual reality. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gerdes, L. (Ed.). (2014). Robotic technology. New York: Greenhaven Press.Google Scholar
  9. Krishnan, A. (2009). Killer robots: Legality and ethicality of autonomous weapons. Burlington: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  10. Lin, N., Abney, K., & Bekey, G. (Eds.). (2012). Robot ethics: The ethical and social implications of robotics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. Matarić, M. (2007). The robotics primer. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  12. Moravec, H. (1999). Robot: Mere machine to transcendent mind. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Nordmann, A. (2007). If and then: A critique of speculative nanoethics. Nanoethics, 1(1), 31–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rizza, M. S. (2013). Killing without heart: Limits on robotic warfare in an age of persistent conflict. Washington, DC: Potomac Books.Google Scholar
  15. Robocup 2014. (2014). Retreived April 4, 2015, from http://www.robocup2014.org/?page_id=238
  16. Schneider, S. (Ed.). (2009). Science fiction and philosophy: From time travel to superintelligence. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  17. ten Have, H. A. M. J. (Ed.). (2007). Nanotechnologies, ethics and politics. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.Google Scholar
  18. Tibbals, H. (2011). Medical nanotechnology and nanomedicine. Boca Raton: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  19. Turkle, S. (2010). Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  20. Verbeek, P. (2011). Moralizing technology: Understanding and designing the morality of things. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wallach, W., & Allen, C. (2009). Moral machines: Teaching robots right from wrong. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Readings

  1. Decker, M., & Gutmann, M. (Eds.). (2012). Robo- and Information ethics: Some fundamentals. Zürich: Lit Verlag GmbH.Google Scholar
  2. Gunkel, D. (2012). The machine question: Critical perspectives on AI, robots, and ethics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  3. Lin, N., Abney, K., & Bekey, G. (Eds.). (2012). Robot ethics: The ethical and social implications of robotics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  4. Singer, P. W. (2009). Wired for war: The robotics revolution and conflict in the twenty-first century. New York: Penguin.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Center for Bioethics & Human DignityTrinity International UniversityDeerfieldUSA