Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Henk ten Have

Fertility Control

  • Sofia MorattiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05544-2_193-1


The entry opens with an overview of the history and characteristics of modern fertility control methods and comparative information on their effectiveness in preventing unwanted pregnancies. A discussion of their geographic prevalence in a global perspective follows, including information on barriers to access to contraception, particularly for vulnerable groups. The ethical aspects of the fertility control debate are discussed, with an analysis of the natural law theory as interpreted by opponents of contraception, and the three main pro-contraception moral arguments: self-determination, women’s health, and children’s rights.


Contraception Natural law theory Self-determination Women’s health Children’s rights 
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Further Readings

  1. De Beauvoir, S. (1949). Le Deuxième Sexe. Paris: Gallimard. English edition: De Beauvoir, S. (2011) The Second Sex. New York/Toronto: Vintage.Google Scholar
  2. Jütte, R. (2008). Contraception: A History. Cambridge, UK/Malden: Polity.Google Scholar
  3. Russell, B. (1929). Marriage and Morals. London: George Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  4. Vlassoff, C. (2013). Women and contraception. In N. P. Stromquist (Ed.), Women in the Third World: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Issues (pp. 185–193). New York/Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European University InstituteFlorenceItaly