The entry opens with an overview of the history and characteristics of modern fertility control methods and comparative information on their effectiveness in preventing unwanted pregnancies. A discussion of their geographic prevalence in a global perspective follows, including information on barriers to access to contraception, particularly for vulnerable groups. The ethical aspects of the fertility control debate are discussed, with an analysis of the natural law theory as interpreted by opponents of contraception, and the three main pro-contraception moral arguments: self-determination, women’s health, and children’s rights.
KeywordsContraception Natural law theory Self-determination Women’s health Children’s rights
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