Encyclopedia of Global Bioethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Henk ten Have

Cosmopolitanism

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-05544-2_126-1

Abstract

Cosmopolitanism is an old concept that was used in social and political theories to highlight the commonality among human beings as members of the same universal community. However, it was recently introduced to discuss the issue of health and moral responsibility for its disparities. This entry will start by briefly outlining the historical use of the term and its various connotations with the numerous contexts in which it was used. It will then highlight the central ideal aspired by cosmopolitan advocates. The entry will then focus on discussing the central themes of cosmopolitanism and its relevant objections in regard to global bioethics including responsibility, justice, and disparities in health and healthcare. The discussion will also unfold some of the global determinants of health and current practical approaches to address them.

Keywords

Global justice Just health Citizenship Responsibility Equality Health disparities Determinants of health 
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References

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Further Readings

  1. Beck, U., & Sznaider, N. (2006). A literature on cosmopolitanism: An overview. The British Journal of Sociology, 57(1), 153–164. doi:10.1111/j.1468-4446.2006.00098.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Held, D. (2010). Cosmopolitanism: Ideals and realities. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
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  4. Van Hooft, S., & Vandekerckhove, W. (Eds.). (2010). Questioning cosmopolitanism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Healthcare EthicsDuquesne UniversityPittsburghUSA