Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering from Liquid Surfaces and Interfaces

  • Wei BuEmail author
  • Mark L.  Schlossman
Living reference work entry


Synchrotron X-ray scattering studies have transformed our understanding of liquid surfaces and interfaces, which play an important role in many biological, environmental, and technological processes. During the past several decades, these studies have begun to explore the relationship between the nanoscale interfacial structure and interfacial properties and function. Recent work has explored the advantages of energy-dependent surface probes and, in some cases, combined them with more traditional surface scattering techniques. This chapter presents the capabilities and applications of traditional and developing surface X-ray scattering techniques used in the study of liquid surfaces and interfaces.



MLS acknowledges support from NSF-CHE-0910825 and both authors acknowledge support of ChemMatCARS by NSF-CHE-1346572. The Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory is supported under DOE-BES Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, ChemMatCARSUniversity of ChicagoChicago, ILUSA
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicago, ILUSA

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