Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

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Lefèvre d’Étaples, Jacques

Born: c. 1460
Died: 1536
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_652-2
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Abstract

Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (Latinized Jacobus Faber Stapulensis) was a professor of Arts at the University of Paris and Biblical scholar active during the late fifteenth to early sixteenth centuries. Heavily influenced by Italian humanists such as Ermolao Barbaro and Pico della Mirandola, Lefèvre became one of the first Northern European proponents of what is nowadays referred to as Renaissance Aristotelianism: he wrote a number of influential textbooks to the various branches of Aristotelian philosophy and significantly contributed to the spread of new translations of the Stagirite’s oeuvre through his editorial activities. Lefèvre combined this fondness for Aristotelian philosophy with a keen interest in Neoplatonism and late medieval mysticism, as found in the oeuvre of Nicholas of Cusa, Ramon Lull, or Marsilio Ficino, whose works he also saw to the press. Thus his oeuvre was of paramount importance in introducing the ideas of Neoplatonic mysticism and Renaissance Aristotelianism to Northern Europe, in a period when late scholastic philosophy still dominated the Northern intellectual scene.

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References

Primary Literature

    The list below only contains a selection of the works Lefèvre authored or edited. The most complete bibliography of his oeuvre is still to be found in Rice (1972).

    1. Lefèvre, Jacques. 1492. Totius philosophiae naturalis paraphrases. Paris: Johannes Higman.Google Scholar
    2. Lefèvre, Jacques. 1493. De magia naturali. Bruxelles: Bibliothèque royale de Belgique, MS Lat. 10875; Olomouc: Universtiy Library, MS M I 119; Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS Lat. 7454; Città del Vaticano: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana (etc.), MS Lat. Reg. 1115.Google Scholar
    3. Lefèvre, Jacques. 1494a. Introductio in metaphysicorum libros Aristotelis. Paris: Johannes Higman.Google Scholar
    4. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. and comm. 1494b. Mercurii Tris-megisti Liber de potestate et sapientia Dei per Marsilium Ficinum traductus. Paris: Johannes HigmanGoogle Scholar
    5. Lefèvre, Jacques. 1494c. Ars moralis in Aristotelis Ethica nicomachea. Paris: Antoine Caillaut.Google Scholar
    6. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. and comm. 1495. Textus de Sphera Johannis de Sacrobosco. Paris: Johannes Higman and Wolfgang Hopyl.Google Scholar
    7. Lefèvre, Jacques. 1496. Introductiones in diversos Aristotelis libros. Paris: Guy Marchant [a manual on Aristotelian logic].Google Scholar
    8. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. and comm. 1497. Decem librorum Moralium Aristotelis tres conversiones. Paris: Henri Estienne [translations of the Ethica Nicomachea by Argyropoulos, Bruni and Grosseteste, to which is added Giorgio Valla’s translation of the Magna moralia].Google Scholar
    9. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1499a. Liber de laudibus beatissimae Virginis Mariae. Paris: Guy Marchant [a work by Ramon Lull].Google Scholar
    10. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. and comm. 1499b. Theologia vivificans Dionysii. Paris: Johannes Higman and Wolfgang Hopyl.Google Scholar
    11. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1505. Primum volumen Contemplationum Remundi. Paris: Guy Marchant for Jean Petit [an edition of the Blanquerna by Ramon Lull].Google Scholar
    12. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1506. Politicorum libri Octo; Commentarij. Economicorum Duo; Commentarij. Hecatonomiarum Septem. Economiarum Unus. Explanationis Leonardi in Oeconomica Duo. Paris: Henri Estienne [an edition of of Leonardo Bruni’s translations of the Politica and Economica, together with excerpts from the De Republica and De legibus of Plato. The Hecatonomiarum libri septem has been re-edited: Jean Boisset and Robert Combès eds. 1979. Hecatonomiarum libri: texte latin des Hécatonomies de Lefèvre d’Étaples, en parallèle avec la traduction latine de Platon par Marsile Ficin. Paris: Vrin].Google Scholar
    13. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1508. Georgii Trapezuntii Dialectica. Paris: Henri Estienne.Google Scholar
    14. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1509. Quincuplex Psalterium. Paris: Henri Estienne.Google Scholar
    15. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. and comm. 1512. Epistolae divi Pauli apostoli. Paris: Henri Estienne.Google Scholar
    16. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1514. Recognitio trium voluminum Operum […] Nicolai Cusae. Paris: Josse Bade.Google Scholar
    17. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1515. Aristotelis opus metaphysicum; metaphysica introductio quatuor dialogorum libris elucidata. Paris: Henri Estienne [an edition of the translation of the translation of the Metaphysica by Cardinal Bessarion and Argyropoulos].Google Scholar
    18. Lefèvre, Jacques. ed. 1516. Proverbia Raemundi. Philosophia amoris eiusdem. Paris: Josse Bade [two works by Ramon Lull].Google Scholar
    19. Lefèvre, Jacques, ed. trans. 1530. La saincte Bible en Francoys. Antwerpen: Martin Lempereur.Google Scholar

Secondary Literature

  1. Barnaud, Jean. 1900. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples: son influence sur les origines de la réformation française. Cahors: Coueslant.Google Scholar
  2. Bedouelle, Guy. 1976. Lefèvre d’Étaples et l’intelligence des Écritures. Genève: Droz.Google Scholar
  3. Bedouelle, Guy. 1979. Le Quincuplex Psalterium de Lefèvre d’Étaples: un guide de lecture. Genève: Droz.Google Scholar
  4. Bedouelle, Guy. 2008. Attacks on the Biblical humanism of Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples. In Biblical humanism and scholasticism in the age of Erasmus, ed. Erika Rummel, 117–142. Leiden/Boston: Brill.Google Scholar
  5. Bianchi, Luca. 2000. From Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples to Giulio Landi: Uses of the dialogue in Renaissance Aristotelianism. In Humanism and early modern philosophy, ed. Jill Kraye and Martin W.F. Stone, 41–58. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Copenhaver, Brian P. 1977. Lefèvre d’Étaples, Symphorien Champier and the secret names of God. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 40: 189–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Gandillac, Maurice. 1973. Lefèvre d’Étaples et Charles de Bovelles, lecteurs de Nicolas de Cues. In L’humanisme français au début de la Renaissance. Colloque international de Tours (XIVe stage), ed. André Stegmann, 115–171. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  8. Graf, Charles-Henri. 1842. Essai sur la vie et les écrits de Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples. Strasbourg: G.L. Schuler.Google Scholar
  9. Hughes, Philip E. 1984. Lefèvre: Pioneer of Ecclesiastical Renewal in France. Grand Rapids: W. E. Eerdmans.Google Scholar
  10. Kessler, Eckhard. 1999. Introducing Aristotle to the sixteenth century: The Lefèvre enterprise. In Philosophy in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Conversations with Aristotle, ed. Constance Blackwell and Sashiko Kusukawa, 1–21. Ashgate: Aldershot.Google Scholar
  11. Kieckhefer, Richard. 2007. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples and the conception of natural magic. In La magia nell’ Europa moderna, ed. Fabrizio Meroi, 63–78. Firenze: Olschki.Google Scholar
  12. Lines, David A. 2007. Lefèvre and French Aristotelianism on the eve of the sixteenth century. In Der Aristotelismus in der Frühen Neuzeit: Kontinuität oder Wiederangeignung? ed. Günter Frank and Andreas Speer, 273–290. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.Google Scholar
  13. Llinares, Armand. 1973. Le Lullisme de Lefèvre d’Étaples et de ses amis humanistes. In L’humanisme français au début de la Renaissance. Colloque international de Tours (XIVe stage), ed. André Stegmann, 126–137. Paris: Vrin.Google Scholar
  14. Mandosio, Jean-Marc. 2013. Le De magia naturali de Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples: magie, alchimie et cabale. In Les Muses secrètes: Kabbale, alchimie et littérature à la Renaissance. Actes de la journée en hommage à François Secret, Vérone, 18 octobre 2005, ed. Rosanna Gorris Camos, 37–79. Genève: Droz.Google Scholar
  15. Minio-Paluello, Lorenzo. 1952. Boezio, Giacomo Veneto, Guglielmo di Moerbeke, Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples e gli Elenchi Sofistici. Rivista di filosofia neo-scolastica 44: 398–411.Google Scholar
  16. Oosterhoff, Richard J. 2014. Idiotae, mathematics, and artisans: The untutored mind and the discovery of nature in the Fabrist circle. Intellectual History Review 24: 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pantin, Isabelle. 1988. Les ‘commentaires’ de Lefèvre d’Étaples au Corpus Hermeticum. In Présence d’Hermès Trismégiste, ed. Antoine Faivre, 167–183. Paris: Albin Michel.Google Scholar
  18. Pernot, Jean-François. ed. 1995. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (1450?–1536): actes du colloque d’Étaples, les 7 et 8 novembre 1992. Paris: Champion.Google Scholar
  19. Porrer, Sheila M. 2009. Jacques Lefèvre d’Etaples and the three Maries debates. Genève: Librairie Droz.Google Scholar
  20. Rice, Eugene F. 1969. The humanist idea of Christian antiquity: Lefèvre d’Étaples and his circle. In French humanism 1470–1600, ed. Werner L. Gundersheimer, 163–180. London: Palgrave MacMillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rice, Eugene F. 1970. Humanist Aristotelianism in France: Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples and his circle. In Humanism in France at the end of the middle ages and in the early renaissance, ed. Anthony Levi, 32–49. New York: Barnes and Noble.Google Scholar
  22. Rice, Eugene F. 1971. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples and the medieval Christian mystics. In Florilegium historiale: Essays presented to Wallace K Ferguson, ed. J.G. Rowe and W.H. Stockdale, 89–124. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  23. Rice, Eugene F. ed. 1972. The prefatory epistles of Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples and related texts. New York/London: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Rice, Eugene F. 1976. The De magia naturali of Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples. In Philosophy and humanism: Renaissance essays in honour of Paul Oskar Kristeller, ed. Edward P. Mahony, 19–29. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  25. Roulier, F. 1991. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples lecteur de Pic de la Mirandole. In L’Aube de la Renaissance, ed. Dario Cecchetti, Lionello Sozzi, and Louis Terreaux, 167–178. Genève: Slatkine.Google Scholar
  26. Spiess, Karl. 1930. Der Gottesbegriff des J. Faber Stapulensis. Ein Beitrag zum Verständnis der religiösen Eigenart Johann Kalvins. Marburg: J. Hamel.Google Scholar
  27. Vasoli, Cesare. 1959. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples e le origini del ‘Fabrismo’. Rinascimento 10: 204–259.Google Scholar
  28. Veenstra, Jan R. 2009. Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples: Humanism and hermeticism in the De magia naturali. In Christian humanism: Essays in honour of Arjo Vanderjagt, ed. Alasdair A. MacDonald, Zweder R.W.M. von Martels, and Jan R. Veenstra, 353–362. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  29. Victor, Joseph M. 1975. The revival of Lullism at Paris, 1499–1516. Renaissance Quarterly 28: 504–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ArtsKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Section editors and affiliations

  • Violaine Giacomotto-Charra
    • 1
  1. 1.Université Bordeaux Montaigne, UFR HumanitésPessacFrance