Anne Conway (1631–1679) is best remembered as the author of a single book published posthumously, The Principles of the Most Ancient and Modern Philosophy. Conway worked out a metaphysics to account for the relationship between matter and spirit and found models for her writing in the philosophical and theological disputes of the day. Her treatise owes a particular debt to Jewish Cabbalism and English Quakerism. Conway based her philosophy on a spiritual monism that has affinities with vitalism while running counter to the mechanistic theories that shaped seventeenth-century scientific thought. Her book offers an eclectic mix that combines a monistic theory of substance with Neoplatonist doctrines on the spirit of nature and sets forth a philosophy that remained in the shadows until its rediscovery in the twentieth century.
KeywordsPrivate Tutoring Christian Theology Cartesian Dualism Humanist Tradition Divine Attribute
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