Bilingual Education in India and Pakistan

  • Ahmar MahboobEmail author
  • Rashi Jain
Living reference work entry
Part of the Encyclopedia of Language and Education book series (ELE)


This paper reviews current research on bilingual education in Pakistan and India. It shows that while the context of the two countries is different, literature on the topic report similar issues and have similar constraints: the literature typically discusses policy issues and attitudes towards code-switching, and there is a dearth of classroom-based research on this topic. The paper reviews the key current debates in the two countries and identifies issues that need to be considered as research on the topic evolves.


Bilingual education India Pakistan code-switching language-in-education policy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.INTO MasonGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

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