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Kyrgyzstan Tourism

Encyclopedia of Tourism
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Kyrgyzstan, a land-locked state bordered with China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan, is described as the most democratic of all post-Soviet Centrally Independent States (Fig. 1). The country measures 198,500 km2 (76,641 mi2) and has an estimated population of 6.5 million. It is ranked as one of the poorest Central Asian countries and is classified as “lower-middle-income” in terms of GDP – US$8.5 billion in 2019 (World Bank 2020). Agriculture (11.7% of GDP) and services (49.8% of GDP) are the main economic sectors (Plecher 2020), with tourism contributing 4.3% of GDP in 2019 (National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic 2019). Gold was over half of the country’s exports in 2018. There is a reliance on one Canadian-owned gold mine, Kumtor, accounting for about 8% of GDP and worker remittances equivalent to approximately 28% of GDP in 2019.

Fig. 1
figure 1

Map of Kyrgyzstan

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  • Jenish, N. 2017. Tourism sector in Kyrgyzstan: Trends and challenges. Working Paper #42, Kyrgyz Republic: University of Central Asia.

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  • National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic. 2019. Tourism in Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz Republic: National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic.

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  • Plecher, H. 2020 Kyrgyz Republic: Share of economic sectors in GDP from 2008 to 2018. Online: Statista.

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  • UNWTO. 2019. Tourism highlights. Madrid: World Tourism Organization.

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  • World Bank. 2020. Kyrgyz Republic. Washington, DC: World Bank.

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Correspondence to Nicola J. Palmer .

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Palmer, N.J. (2022). Kyrgyzstan Tourism. In: Jafari, J., Xiao, H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Tourism. Springer, Cham.

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  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-01669-6

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  1. Latest

    Kyrgyzstan Tourism
    29 April 2023


  2. Kyrgyzstan Tourism
    24 February 2022


  3. Kyrgyzstan tourism
    23 November 2021


  4. Original

    Kyrgyzstan, tourism
    25 September 2015