Encyclopedia of Tourism

Living Edition
| Editors: Jafar Jafari, Honggen Xiao


  • Michael SpistoEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01669-6_232-1

Airlines or airways form a system or organization which provides typically scheduled flights for passengers or cargo among specified points (Doganis 2012). As an air transport system, it includes its equipment, routes, operating personnel, and management systems. Globally, it consists of over 2,000 airlines which transport over three billion passengers (Belobaba et al. 2009). In 2007, 29 million scheduled flights were made (Belobaba et al. 2009). Airlines may operate as scheduled services or charters, which operate flights outside normal schedules through a hiring arrangement (Cento 2009). Charters “bundle” flights and accommodation packages together, whereas scheduled airlines do not (Truxal 2013).

A scheduled airline in the United Statesrefers to any civilian aircraft run by a civilian scheduled carrier. The airline, guaranteed a departure and arrival slot, publishes tariffs for passenger services between named cities at usual and specified times on regular flights. Under the US...


Flight Attendant Schedule Airline Legacy Carrier Aviation Regulation Airline Operating 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Belobaba, P., A. Odoni, and C. Barnhart 2009 The Global Airline Industry. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. Cento, A. 2009 The Airline Industry: Challenges in the 21st Century. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag.Google Scholar
  3. Crocker, D. 2007 Dictionary of Aviation. London: A & C Black.Google Scholar
  4. Doganis, R. 2012 Flying Off Course: The Economics of International Airlines. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  5. Escobari, D., M. Bar, and K. Chernomaz 2011 Pricing and Traveler’s Decision to use Frequent Flyer Miles: Evidence from the U.S. Airline Industry. In Airline Industry: Strategies, Operations and Safety, C. Walsh, ed., pp.213-231. New York: Nova Science.Google Scholar
  6. Larsen, P., J. Sweeney, and J. Gillick 2012 Aviation Law: Cases, Laws and Related Sources. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  7. Truxal, S. 2013 Competition and Regulation in the Airline Industry: Puppets in Chaos. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.City Queen Campus, College of Law and JusticeVictoria UniversityMelbourneAustralia